Carnot, Lazare-Nicolas-Marguerite


Carnot, Lazare-Nicolas-Marguerite
(general) (1753-1825)
   military figure
   Known as "le Grand Carnot" and "organisateur de la victoire," Lazare-Nicolas-Marguerite Carnot was born in Nolay, Burgundy. A military engineer before the Revolution, which he supported, Carnot was elected to the Legislative Assembly, then to the Convention, where he sat with the deputies for the Plain, before joining the montagnards. A member of the Committee of Public Safety (July 1793), where he dealt with military matters, he established the 14 armies of the republic, was sent on a mission with the Army of the North, and helped to achieve the victory of Wattignies (October 16, 1793). Associated with the dictatorial policies of the Terror stood against maximilien Robespierre, georges couthon, and louis saint-just during the events of 8 and 9 Thermidor (July 26-27, 1794). A member of the Directory in 1795, he was removed after the coup d'état of 18 Fructidor, Year V (September 4, 1794). Recalled after 18 Brumaire, Year VIII (November 9, 1799) coup d'état, he was named minister of war by napoléon i but, dismissed in 1800. Opposed to the Consulate and the Empire, he retired from public life and dedicated himself to his scientific projects and research until 1814. He then took part, as governor, in the defense of Antwerp (1814). Minister of the interior during the hundred days, he was banished in 1816 as a regicide. Considered the principal strategist of French victories in the crucial years from 1792 to 1795, Carnot is also the author of important scientific works in which he specified the laws of force, enunciated the law of the conservation of labor, and is considered one of the founders of analytical geometry. Carnot was named to the Academy of Sciences in 1796.

France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present . 1884.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Carnot,Lazare Nicolas Marguerite — Car·not (kär nōʹ), Lazare Nicolas Marguerite. 1753 1823. French military strategist for the Republican armies during the French Revolution. He later held high positions under Napoleon I. * * * …   Universalium

  • Carnot, Lazare (-Nicolas-Marguerite) — born May 13, 1753, Nolay, Burgundy, France died Aug. 2, 1823, Magdeburg, Prussian Saxony French statesman and administrator in successive governments of the French Revolution. He entered the army as an engineer (1773) and was elected to the… …   Universalium

  • Carnot, Lazare Nicolas Marguerite — ► (1753 1823) Político y general francés. Fue llamado el organizador de la victoria. Se opuso al Consulado y al Imperio napoleónicos …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Carnot, Lazare (-Nicolas-Marguerite) — (13 may. 1753, Nolay, Borgoña, Francia–2 ago. 1823, Magdeburgo, Sajonia prusiana). Estadista francés, fue funcionario en sucesivos gobiernos de la Revolución francesa. Ingresó al ejército como ingeniero (1773) y fue elegido a la Asamblea… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Lazare-Nicolas-Marguerite Carnot — Lazare Carnot (1753–1823) Graf Lazare Nicolas Marguerite Carnot (* 13. Mai 1753 in Nolay; † 2. August 1823 in Magdeburg) war ein französischer Offizier, Mathematiker und Politiker. Carnot wurde am 13. Mai 1753 in Nolay in der Franche Comté in ein …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Lazare Nicolas Marguerite Carnot — Lazare Carnot (1753–1823) Graf Lazare Nicolas Marguerite Carnot (* 13. Mai 1753 in Nolay, Burgund, heute Département Côte d’Or; † 2. August 1823 in Magdeburg) war ein französischer Offizier, Mathematiker und …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Lazare Nicolas Marguerite Carnot — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Carnot. Lazare Carnot Naissance 13 mai  …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Carnot, Lazare — ▪ French military engineer Introduction in full  Lazare Nicolas Marguerite Carnot , byname  Organizer of Victory  or  The Great Carnot, French Organisateur de la Victoire  or  Le Grand Carnot  born May 13, 1753, Nolay, Burgundy, France died… …   Universalium

  • Carnot, Lazare Hippolyte — (1801 1881)    political figure    Born in saint omer, Lazare Hippolyte Carnot was the son of General lazare nicolas marguerite carnot, with whom he went into exile in 1816, when the latter was condemned as a regicide. Returning to France (1823) …   France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present

  • Lazare Carnot — (1753–1823) Graf Lazare Nicolas Marguerite Carnot (* 13. Mai 1753 in Nolay; † 2. August 1823 in Magdeburg) war ein französischer Offizier, Mathematiker und Politiker. Carnot wurde am 13. Mai 1753 in Nolay in der Franche Comté in ein …   Deutsch Wikipedia


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